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August 14, 2014     Shelton Mason County Journal
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August 14, 2014

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Page A-24 - Mason County Journal - Thursday, Aug. 14, 2014 MASTER GARDENER A t our monthly of a problem that was Master Gardener occurring on her pump- Jt J~neeting Monday, kin plant. One stem one of the gardeners had multiple leaves passed around a picture extending from it and Rocke & I year anniversary S ir,~ ~e ~.~.~ ~,~k~i 221 W. Railroad in Shelton (360) 462-1310 Tues - Fri 10 - 5prn, Sat 10 - 4pro PAIN MANAGEMENT, WEIGHT LOSS, MASSAGE THERAPY Newman Family Chiropractic Accepting Medicare Sarah Newman, DC and most Insurances . Work Injuries • Car Accidents • Wellness Care OPEN 6 DAYS A WEEK 2211 Jefferson Street, Shelton WA 98584 what looked to be small pumpkins at the base of each leaf. Everyone was baffled about what was causing this weird symp- tom. I sent the photos to Jenny Glass, the WSU diagnostician in Puyal- lup, and got a quick re- sponse. What was happen- ing is called fasciation. An article written by Melodie L. Putnam and Marilyn Millet from Oregon State University explains this problem. The bacterium Rhodo- coccus fascians causes fasciation, leafy galls and shoot proliferation on plants. These symptoms have been attributed incorrectly to crown gall bacteria (Agrobacterium tumefaciens), virus in- fection, herbicide dam- age or eriophyid mite infestation. There is also confu- sion about what to call the symptoms caused by R. fascians. Shoot proliferation and leafy galls are sometimes called "fasciation," a term also used to refer to tissues that grow into a flattened ribbon-like newmanfarnilychiro.com • 1360) 426-3886 Now serving Baked Oysters & Steamed Clams from 11:00 to 3:00 Come up for LUNCH! HAMA HAMA+ Es'. 1922 13 miles North + of Hoodsport This leafy gall hasfasciation, or fused growth, at manner. The root for the word fasciation come from the Latin, fascia, to fuse, and refers to a join- ing of tissues. We will reserve the term fasciation for the ribbon-like growth of stems and other organs. The terms "leafy gall" and "shoot prolif- eration" are un- familiar to many people, but are a good description of what is seen on af- fected plants. A leafy gall is a mass of buds or short shoots tightly packed and fused at the base. These max appear beneath the soil or near the soil line at the base of the stem. They may also form in leaf axils, and in fewer cases, near leaf veins. Shoot proliferation is a loose collection of shoots that are larger than the shoots in leafy galls, but smaller than uninfected shoots, which may or may not be fused at the base (see above). By JEANNE REHWALDT Leafy galls and shoot proliferations are quite different than the galls caused by:the crown gall bacterium, A. tumefaciens. Infection with A. tumefaciens causes swelling of tissue into tumors or galls on stems or roots, but these galls do not dif- ferentiate into buds or stems. In contrast, leafy galls are well dif- ferentiated into easily Tecogn]zed plant parts. What can be done about leafy gall (due to R. fascians) and crown gall (due to Agrobacterium)? :~ For one thing, it is important to get an ac- curate diagnosis. Leafy gall production from R. fascians can be mistak- enly attributed to other causes, and the control for a bacterial infection will be different than for an eriophyid mite infes- tation, for example. Unfortunately, there is no treatment for either Photo courtesy of Jeanne Rehwaldt its base. R. fascians or Agrobacte- rium infection, therefore steps must be taken to prevent disease. A bio- logical control product for prevention of crown gall is called NoGall. When woody cuttings are dipped into this before planting, the biocontrol bacteria present in the formulation prevent tumor formation by pre- emptively colonizing the cutting, and by produc- ing an antibiotic that is toxic to Agrobacterium tumefaciens. But there is no product that has worked to prevent this condition in herbaceous plants. As a cultural control, bacteria need water for movement, infection and multiplication. Minimize the length of time leaves are wet and apply irriga- tion under conditions where leaves can dry in one or two hours. Good ventilation will help. For all your garden- ing questions contact a Master Gardener on from noon to 3 p.m. on Monday. 877-5811 hamahamaoysters.corr It's now closer than you think'.. at MGH Eye Clinic Optometrist Jenni Aaseby, O.D. specializes in contact lens fitting and prescription glasses, and joins Monica Vuong, M.D., board-certified ophthalmologist and eye surgeon. MGH Eye Clinic puts the most qualified professionals with the latest technology to bring you a thorough diagnosis and the best treatment available. A full-service eye clinic providing everything from routine eye exams to surgical solutions. To make an appointment at MGH Eye Clinic call (360) 425-8717. Mason General Hospital Eye Clinic (360) 426-8717 2300 Kati Court, Suite C Shelton, WA 98584 wwwMasonGeneral.com Students from Belfafr, Allyn and Ta- ies); Cristy Lynn Norcross (bachelor huya graduated from the University of of science, biology -- general); Jessica Washington in June. Mae Caubre (bachelor of science, at- Allyn: Lacey Dawn Schuberger mospheric sciences); Allison Marie An- (bachelor of science, public health); Kylee drew (bachelor of arts, psychology). • Hull (bachelor of arts, psychology). Tahuya: Anne Haley Gower (bache- Beifair: Dylan Ranon Nordstrom lor of science, aquatic and fishery scienc- (bachelor of science, civil engineering, es) and David Lee Jr. Creed (bachelor and bachelor of arts, architectural stud- of arts, chemistry). Our 18= year in Mason County Sweet Peaches & Nectarines! they last... Credit cards arid EBT accepted zwm • Gorgeous hanging baskets, j! • Large variety of succulents • Fresh local salsa and honl www.facebook.com/sa ndsproduce I[~ (253) 405-2832 Conveniently located @ 5962 Hi in the Deer Creek/Oakland Bay area Hours: Monday - Saturday: 9 - 6:30